FRS Development

Development and validation of the Fracture Risk Scale (FRS) that predicts fracture over a 1-year time period in institutionalised frail older people living in Canada: an electronic record linked longitudinal cohort study

Who developed the FRS?

The FRS was developed by researchers at the GERAS Centre (, led by Dr. Alexandra Papaioannou, a Geriatrician with Hamilton Health Sciences and Professor, Department of Medicine at McMaster University, and Dr. George Ioannidis, Associate Director, GERAS and Assistant Professor in the Department of Medicine, McMaster University.